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What are the symptoms of gingivitis?

ANSWER

You can have gingivitis and not know it. Over time you may notice:

  • Red, swollen, or purplish gums. Healthy gums should appear pink and firm.
  • Bleeding gums. You may see blood on your toothbrush or when you spit out toothpaste.
  • Sore gums that are tender to the touch

SOURCES:

Nadeem Karimbux, DMD, assistant dean, office of dental education, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston.

PubMed Health: "Gingivitis."

American Dental Association: "Plaque," "Mouthrinses," "Smoking and Tobacco Cessation," "Brushing Your Teeth (Cleaning Your Teeth and Gums)."

Merck Manual: Home Health Handbook: "Gingivitis."

Genco, R. "Periodontal Disease and Overall Health: A Clinician's Guide."

Research, Science, and Therapy Committee of the American Academy of Periodontology.

Journal of Periodontology, "Epidemiology of Periodontal Diseases," 2005.

American Academy of Periodontology: "Causes of Gum Disease," "Gum Disease and Diabetes."

National Institutes of Health: "Periodontal Diseases."

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on August 23, 2018

SOURCES:

Nadeem Karimbux, DMD, assistant dean, office of dental education, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston.

PubMed Health: "Gingivitis."

American Dental Association: "Plaque," "Mouthrinses," "Smoking and Tobacco Cessation," "Brushing Your Teeth (Cleaning Your Teeth and Gums)."

Merck Manual: Home Health Handbook: "Gingivitis."

Genco, R. "Periodontal Disease and Overall Health: A Clinician's Guide."

Research, Science, and Therapy Committee of the American Academy of Periodontology.

Journal of Periodontology, "Epidemiology of Periodontal Diseases," 2005.

American Academy of Periodontology: "Causes of Gum Disease," "Gum Disease and Diabetes."

National Institutes of Health: "Periodontal Diseases."

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on August 23, 2018

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What can you do to treat gingivitis?

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