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What are the symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD)?

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Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) often causes severe pain and discomfort. It can be temporary or last many years. It might affect one or both sides of your face. More women than men have it, and it’s most common among people between the ages of 20 and 40.

Common symptoms include:

You may also have toothaches, headaches, neck aches, dizziness, earaches, hearing problems, upper shoulder pain, and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).

  • Pain or tenderness in your face, jaw joint area, neck and shoulders, and in or around the ear when you chew, speak, or open your mouth wide
  • Problems when you try to open your mouth wide
  • Jaws that get "stuck" or "lock" in the open- or closed-mouth position
  • Clicking, popping, or grating sounds in the jaw joint when you open or close your mouth or chew. This may or may not be painful.
  • A tired feeling in your face
  • Trouble chewing or a sudden uncomfortable bite -- as if the upper and lower teeth are not fitting together properly
  • Swelling on the side of your face

SOURCE: 

American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery.

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on October 10, 2019

SOURCE: 

American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery.

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on October 10, 2019

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How is temporomandibular disorders (TMD) diagnosed?

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