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What causes uneven gums?

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A number of things can cause your gums to be too low or too high. Gums that cover a large portion of your teeth can make your teeth look small. This may be because of genetics, a health problem, or certain prescription drugs.

Gums that are too high and make your teeth appear long are often caused by gum recession. That's when gum tissue pulls back from a tooth and exposes the root. Not only can gum recession make your teeth look long, it can lead to serious dental problems such as decay and tooth loss. Gum recession may also be a sign of periodontal disease, the deterioration of the supporting structures of the teeth (gums and bone) .

From: Gum Contouring WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Cosmetic Dentistry Guide: "Gum contouring -- for the 'gummy smile.'"

American Academy of Periodontology: "Periodontal Surgery," "Periodontal Plastic Procedures."

American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry: "Dental Procedures -- Gum Lifts."

Hugh Flax, DDS, 2010-2011 president, American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry.

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on July 31, 2017

SOURCES:

Cosmetic Dentistry Guide: "Gum contouring -- for the 'gummy smile.'"

American Academy of Periodontology: "Periodontal Surgery," "Periodontal Plastic Procedures."

American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry: "Dental Procedures -- Gum Lifts."

Hugh Flax, DDS, 2010-2011 president, American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry.

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on July 31, 2017

NEXT QUESTION:

Is gum contouring necessary?

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

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