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How are sprained and torn cruciate ligaments described and treated?

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An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a common sports injury generally caused by a hard stop or a violent twisting of the knee. The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is stronger than the ACL and much less commonly torn. A PCL injury may happen with a serious blow, such as when the knee strikes the dashboard in a car accident; this is why a PCL injury is often associated with other ligament and bone injuries. If you tear your ACL, you may hear a pop. You will also notice your knee give way or become unstable and feel pain that is bad enough that you might feel like vomiting. This will, almost always, be followed by marked knee swelling over the next couple of hours because the ACL bleeds briskly when torn. Surgical repair is often recommended for high-level athletes who demand optimal outcomes. Conservative treatment and knee braces may prove sufficient for those who do not demand quite so much from their knees.

From: Knee Pain Overview WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: 

Bauman A. Runner's World. 2000. Hart L. "Knee Pain." Woman's Day. 2001. Lally S. "End Knee Pain Forever." Men's Health. 1990. Levy AM, Fuerst ML. . New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1993. Roberts DM, Stallard TC.   . Feb 2000. Tintinalli JE, Kellen GD, Staphczynksi JS. . McGraw-Hill; 2000.




Sports Injury Handbook: Professional Advice for Amateur AthletesEmerg Med Clin North AmEmergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide

Reviewed by Tyler Wheeler on May 16, 2019

SOURCES: 

Bauman A. Runner's World. 2000. Hart L. "Knee Pain." Woman's Day. 2001. Lally S. "End Knee Pain Forever." Men's Health. 1990. Levy AM, Fuerst ML. . New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1993. Roberts DM, Stallard TC.   . Feb 2000. Tintinalli JE, Kellen GD, Staphczynksi JS. . McGraw-Hill; 2000.




Sports Injury Handbook: Professional Advice for Amateur AthletesEmerg Med Clin North AmEmergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide

Reviewed by Tyler Wheeler on May 16, 2019

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