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How is a dislocated kneecap (patella) described and treated?

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A dislocated kneecap is a common injury caused by direct trauma or forceful straightening of the leg. If you have this injury, you will notice the patella being out of place and may have difficulty flexing or extending your knee. The doctor will move the patella back into place (reduce the dislocation). Even if the patella goes back into place by itself, it needs to be X-rayed for a fracture. After reducing the dislocation and ensuring the absence of a fracture, the doctors will treat these injuries by splinting the knee to allow the soft tissues around the patella to heal followed by strengthening exercises to keep the patella in line.

SOURCES: 

Bauman A. Runner's World. 2000.
Hart L. "Knee Pain." Woman's Day. 2001.
Lally S. "End Knee Pain Forever." Men's Health. 1990.
Levy AM, Fuerst ML. Sports Injury Handbook: Professional Advice for Amateur Athletes. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1993.
Roberts DM, Stallard TC.  Emerg Med Clin North Am. Feb 2000.
Tintinalli JE, Kellen GD, Staphczynksi JS. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. McGraw-Hill; 2000.

Reviewed by Tyler Wheeler on May 16, 2019

SOURCES: 

Bauman A. Runner's World. 2000.
Hart L. "Knee Pain." Woman's Day. 2001.
Lally S. "End Knee Pain Forever." Men's Health. 1990.
Levy AM, Fuerst ML. Sports Injury Handbook: Professional Advice for Amateur Athletes. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1993.
Roberts DM, Stallard TC.  Emerg Med Clin North Am. Feb 2000.
Tintinalli JE, Kellen GD, Staphczynksi JS. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. McGraw-Hill; 2000.

Reviewed by Tyler Wheeler on May 16, 2019

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