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How is a knee osteoarthritis described and treated?

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Osteoarthritis is caused by degeneration of cartilage in the knee. In its extreme form, the menisci (cartilage) will be completely eroded, and the femur will rub on the tibia, bone on bone. Osteoarthritis causes a chronically painful knee that is often more painful with activity. Treatment is aimed at pain control with over-the-counter pain relievers. Anti-inflammatory medications, either over-the-counter or by prescription, can be helpful. Hyaluronic acid, a lubricating gel, often injected into the knee over a course of three to six weeks, can provide substantial relief for one year or more. Severe osteoarthritis can be treated with narcotic pain medicines or a knee joint replacement in which a synthetic joint replaces your knee joint. Additionally, physical therapy to manage pain and knee function can be beneficial.

From: Knee Pain Overview WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: 

Bauman A. Runner's World. 2000. Hart L. "Knee Pain." Woman's Day. 2001. Lally S. "End Knee Pain Forever." Men's Health. 1990. Levy AM, Fuerst ML. . New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1993. Roberts DM, Stallard TC.   . Feb 2000. Tintinalli JE, Kellen GD, Staphczynksi JS. . McGraw-Hill; 2000.




Sports Injury Handbook: Professional Advice for Amateur AthletesEmerg Med Clin North AmEmergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide

Reviewed by Tyler Wheeler on May 16, 2019

SOURCES: 

Bauman A. Runner's World. 2000. Hart L. "Knee Pain." Woman's Day. 2001. Lally S. "End Knee Pain Forever." Men's Health. 1990. Levy AM, Fuerst ML. . New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1993. Roberts DM, Stallard TC.   . Feb 2000. Tintinalli JE, Kellen GD, Staphczynksi JS. . McGraw-Hill; 2000.




Sports Injury Handbook: Professional Advice for Amateur AthletesEmerg Med Clin North AmEmergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide

Reviewed by Tyler Wheeler on May 16, 2019

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How is rheumatoid arthritis of the knee described and treated?

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