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What can cause a ruptured eardrum?

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A number of things can cause the eardrum to rupture; one of the most common causes is an ear infection. When the middle ear is infected, pressure builds up and pushes against the eardrum. When the pressure gets too great, it can cause the eardrum to perforate. When that happens, you may suddenly notice that the pain and pressure you've felt from the infection suddenly stops and pus drains from the ear.

Another common cause of a ruptured eardrum is poking the eardrum with a foreign object, such as a cotton-tipped swab or a bobby pin that's being used to clean wax out of the ear canal. Sometimes children can puncture their own eardrum by putting objects such as a stick or a small toy in their ear.

From: Ruptured Eardrum: Symptoms and Treatments WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: "Ruptured eardrum."

Baylor College of Medicine: "Tympanic Membrane. Middle Ear and Mastoid Disease: Tymapnic Membrane Perforation."

University of Michigan Health System: "Ruptured Eardrum (Perforated Tympanic Membrane)."

University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics: "Ruptured Ear Drum."

Reviewed by Neha Pathak on January 17, 2017

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: "Ruptured eardrum."

Baylor College of Medicine: "Tympanic Membrane. Middle Ear and Mastoid Disease: Tymapnic Membrane Perforation."

University of Michigan Health System: "Ruptured Eardrum (Perforated Tympanic Membrane)."

University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics: "Ruptured Ear Drum."

Reviewed by Neha Pathak on January 17, 2017

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