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What causes chronic pain syndrome (CPS)?

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Doctors don't know exactly what causes CPS. It often starts with an injury or painful condition such as:

Surgery

  • Arthritis and other joint problems
  • Back pain
  • Headaches
  • Muscle strains and sprains
  • Repetitive stress injuries, when the same movement over and over puts strain on a body part
  • Fibromyalgia, a condition that causes muscle pain throughout the body
  • Nerve damage
  • Lyme disease
  • Broken bones
  • Cancer
  • Acid reflux or ulcers
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Endometriosis, when tissue in the uterus grows outside of it

From: What Is Chronic Pain Syndrome? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

British Columbia Medical Journal : "Diagnostic judgment: Chronic pain syndrome, pain disorder, and malingering."

Frontera, Walter R., et al. , 2014. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Medscape: "Chronic Pain Syndrome Treatment & Management."

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: "Chronic Pain: In Depth."

Saint Luke's Health System: "Chronic Pain Syndrome."

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: "VHA Pain Management."

Mayo Clinic: “Fibromyalgia,” “Endometriosis.”

KidsHealth: “Repetitive Stress Injuries.”

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on November 28, 2018

SOURCES:

British Columbia Medical Journal : "Diagnostic judgment: Chronic pain syndrome, pain disorder, and malingering."

Frontera, Walter R., et al. , 2014. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Medscape: "Chronic Pain Syndrome Treatment & Management."

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: "Chronic Pain: In Depth."

Saint Luke's Health System: "Chronic Pain Syndrome."

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: "VHA Pain Management."

Mayo Clinic: “Fibromyalgia,” “Endometriosis.”

KidsHealth: “Repetitive Stress Injuries.”

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on November 28, 2018

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How can chronic pain syndrome (CPS) develop?

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