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What causes heel spurs?

ANSWER

Heel spurs occur when calcium deposits build up on the underside of the heel bone, a process that usually occurs over a period of many months. Heel spurs are often caused by strains on foot muscles and ligaments, stretching of the plantar fascia, and repeated tearing of the membrane that covers the heel bone. Heel spurs are especially common among athletes whose activities include large amounts of running and jumping.

SOURCES:
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Heel Pain," "General Foot Health."
American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine: "Running and Your Feet."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Rearfoot Surgery."
FamilyDoctor.org: "Plantar Fasciitis: "A Common Cause of Heel Pain."       
Green, D. Podiatry Today, May 2006.

DeLee: DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, 3rd ed.

The Nemours Foundation.

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2020

SOURCES:
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Heel Pain," "General Foot Health."
American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine: "Running and Your Feet."
American Podiatric Medical Association: "Rearfoot Surgery."
FamilyDoctor.org: "Plantar Fasciitis: "A Common Cause of Heel Pain."       
Green, D. Podiatry Today, May 2006.

DeLee: DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, 3rd ed.

The Nemours Foundation.

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2020

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What other risk factors are associated with plantar fasciitis?

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