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What are other symptoms of myelomeningocele, a type of spina bifida?

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Myelomeningocele is the most severe are rare type of birth defect called spina bifida. The baby's spinal canal is open in one or several places in the lower or middle back, and a sac of fluid pokes out. This sac also holds part of the spinal cord and the nerves, and those parts get damaged.

Symptoms might include:

Children also might have trouble breathing, swallowing, or moving their upper arms. They also might be overweight. The symptoms depend a lot on where the problem is in the spine and which spinal nerves are involved.

  • Weak leg muscles (in some cases, the infant can’t move them at all)
  • Unusually shaped feet, uneven hips, or a curved spine (scoliosis)
  • Seizures
  • Bowel or bladder problems

From: What Is Spina Bifida? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Spina Bifida Association: "What is Spina Bifida?"

National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke: "Spina Bifida Fact Sheet."

Mayo Clinic: "Spina Bifida."

CDC: "Spina Bifida."

Reviewed by Dan Brennan on June 25, 2019

SOURCES:

Spina Bifida Association: "What is Spina Bifida?"

National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke: "Spina Bifida Fact Sheet."

Mayo Clinic: "Spina Bifida."

CDC: "Spina Bifida."

Reviewed by Dan Brennan on June 25, 2019

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What causes spina bifida?

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