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How can otitis media cause hearing loss in children?

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This middle ear infection happens often in young children because the tubes that connect the middle ear to the nose, called Eustachian tubes, aren’t fully formed. Fluid builds up behind the eardrum and can get infected. Even if there’s no pain or infection, the fluid can affect hearing if it stays there, at least for a short time. In severe and long-lasting cases, otitis media can lead to permanent hearing loss.

SOURCES: 

American Academy of Pediatrics: "Treatment of Hearing Loss in Children." 

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: "Communications Considerations for Parents of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children," "Your Child's Hearing Development Checklist," "Has Your Baby's Hearing Been Screened?" 

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association: "Children and Hearing Aids," "Causes of Hearing Loss in Children," "Effects of Hearing Loss on Development," "Cochlear Implants."

Reviewed by Shelley A. Borgia on June 21, 2018

SOURCES: 

American Academy of Pediatrics: "Treatment of Hearing Loss in Children." 

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: "Communications Considerations for Parents of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children," "Your Child's Hearing Development Checklist," "Has Your Baby's Hearing Been Screened?" 

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association: "Children and Hearing Aids," "Causes of Hearing Loss in Children," "Effects of Hearing Loss on Development," "Cochlear Implants."

Reviewed by Shelley A. Borgia on June 21, 2018

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How can problems at birth cause hearing loss in children?

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