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How can active surveillance help with treating early-stage prostate cancer?

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Prostate cancer often grows very slowly. If yours was caught early, usually stage I or II, you might not need to treat it right away if at all. Active surveillance might be a choice if you still want to cure it if it does get worse. Your doctor will do tests, including PSA blood tests and rectal exams, usually about every 3-6 months to check on the cancer. You might also have a biopsy, where your doctor takes a small piece of tissue from your prostate and checks it under a microscope.

Your doctor will keep a close eye on your health to be sure the disease doesn’t cause any problems for you. If it does, your doctor will talk to you about starting treatment.

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Prostate Cancer."

Horwich, A. , 2013. Annals of Oncology

National Cancer Institute: "Prostate Cancer PDQ." "Treatment Choices for Men with Early-Stage Prostate Cancer."

National Comprehensive Cancer Network: "Prostate Cancer: NCCN Guidelines for Patients."

Prostate Cancer Foundation: "Understanding Prostate Cancer--Treatment Options."

UpToDate: “Initial approach to low- and very low-risk clinical localized prostate cancer.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on May 12, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Prostate Cancer."

Horwich, A. , 2013. Annals of Oncology

National Cancer Institute: "Prostate Cancer PDQ." "Treatment Choices for Men with Early-Stage Prostate Cancer."

National Comprehensive Cancer Network: "Prostate Cancer: NCCN Guidelines for Patients."

Prostate Cancer Foundation: "Understanding Prostate Cancer--Treatment Options."

UpToDate: “Initial approach to low- and very low-risk clinical localized prostate cancer.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on May 12, 2018

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When is surgery needed to treat early-stage prostate cancer?

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