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How can watchful waiting help treat prostate cancer?

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If you have a small, slow-growing tumor, you and your doctor may decide to just keep a close eye on your disease. This is sometimes called active surveillance or observation. You may have regular PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood tests, rectal exams, ultrasounds, and biopsies to see if the cancer is getting worse. If it starts to grow or spread, you can explore other treatments.

From: Your Treatment Options WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Chemotherapy for prostate cancer," "Cryotherapy for prostate cancer," "Expectant management, watchful waiting, and active surveillance for prostate cancer," "Hormone (androgen deprivation) therapy for prostate cancer," "How is prostate cancer treated?" "Preventing and treating prostate cancer spread to bones," "Surgery for prostate cancer," "Vaccine treatment for prostate cancer."

CDC: "How is prostate cancer treated?"

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Cryotherapy for Prostate Conditions."

National Cancer Institute: "Cancer Vaccines," "Treatment Choices for Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer."

UptoDate.com: "Patient information: Prostate cancer treatment; stage I to III cancer (Beyond the Basics)."

Urology Care Foundation: "Chemotherapy," "Hormonal Therapy," "How is Prostate Cancer Treated?"

UpToDate: “Cryotherapy and other ablative techniques for the initial treatment of prostate cancer.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on June 07, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Chemotherapy for prostate cancer," "Cryotherapy for prostate cancer," "Expectant management, watchful waiting, and active surveillance for prostate cancer," "Hormone (androgen deprivation) therapy for prostate cancer," "How is prostate cancer treated?" "Preventing and treating prostate cancer spread to bones," "Surgery for prostate cancer," "Vaccine treatment for prostate cancer."

CDC: "How is prostate cancer treated?"

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Cryotherapy for Prostate Conditions."

National Cancer Institute: "Cancer Vaccines," "Treatment Choices for Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer."

UptoDate.com: "Patient information: Prostate cancer treatment; stage I to III cancer (Beyond the Basics)."

Urology Care Foundation: "Chemotherapy," "Hormonal Therapy," "How is Prostate Cancer Treated?"

UpToDate: “Cryotherapy and other ablative techniques for the initial treatment of prostate cancer.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on June 07, 2018

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What should you know about surgery to treat prostate cancer?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

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