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How do doctors determine the stage of prostate cancer?

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After a prostate cancer diagnosis, tests are done to detect how the cancer has spread, if it has, outside the prostate. Not all men need every test. It depends on the characteristics of a man’s prostate cancer seen on biopsy. Tests to help determine the stage of prostate cancer include:

  • Digital rectal exam
  • Prostate-specific antigen (blood test)
  • Transrectal ultrasound
  • MRI of the prostate using a rectal probe
  • CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis, looking for prostate cancer metastasis to other organs
  • MRI of the skeleton, or a nuclear medicine bone scan, to look for metastasis to bones
  • Surgery to examine the lymph nodes in the pelvis for any prostate cancer spread

From: Stages of Prostate Cancer WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

National Cancer Institute: “Prostate Cancer Treatment” and “Prostate Cancer.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on October 22, 2017

SOURCES:

National Cancer Institute: “Prostate Cancer Treatment” and “Prostate Cancer.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on October 22, 2017

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What is the TNM system for prostate cancer stages?

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