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What does radiation therapy for prostate cancer consist of?

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Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams (similar to X-rays) to kill the cancer. It's often a choice for older men and for those with other health problems. You also might have it after surgery to get rid of any cancer cells left behind. It also helps for cancer that has spread to the bone. There are two types of radiation:

  • External -- A machine outside your body directs rays at the cancer.
  • Internal (brachytherapy) -- A doctor does surgery to place small radioactive "seeds" into or near the cancer. Sometimes, a mix of both treatments works best.

From: Your Treatment Options WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Chemotherapy for prostate cancer," "Cryotherapy for prostate cancer," "Expectant management, watchful waiting, and active surveillance for prostate cancer," "Hormone (androgen deprivation) therapy for prostate cancer," "How is prostate cancer treated?" "Preventing and treating prostate cancer spread to bones," "Surgery for prostate cancer," "Vaccine treatment for prostate cancer."

CDC: "How is prostate cancer treated?"

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Cryotherapy for Prostate Conditions."

National Cancer Institute: "Cancer Vaccines," "Treatment Choices for Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer."

UptoDate.com: "Patient information: Prostate cancer treatment; stage I to III cancer (Beyond the Basics)."

Urology Care Foundation: "Chemotherapy," "Hormonal Therapy," "How is Prostate Cancer Treated?"

UpToDate: “Cryotherapy and other ablative techniques for the initial treatment of prostate cancer.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on June 7, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Chemotherapy for prostate cancer," "Cryotherapy for prostate cancer," "Expectant management, watchful waiting, and active surveillance for prostate cancer," "Hormone (androgen deprivation) therapy for prostate cancer," "How is prostate cancer treated?" "Preventing and treating prostate cancer spread to bones," "Surgery for prostate cancer," "Vaccine treatment for prostate cancer."

CDC: "How is prostate cancer treated?"

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Cryotherapy for Prostate Conditions."

National Cancer Institute: "Cancer Vaccines," "Treatment Choices for Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer."

UptoDate.com: "Patient information: Prostate cancer treatment; stage I to III cancer (Beyond the Basics)."

Urology Care Foundation: "Chemotherapy," "Hormonal Therapy," "How is Prostate Cancer Treated?"

UpToDate: “Cryotherapy and other ablative techniques for the initial treatment of prostate cancer.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on June 7, 2018

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How does hormone therapy for prostate cancer work?

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