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When is surgery used to treat advanced prostate cancer?

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Your testicles make most of your testosterone. Surgery to remove the testicles (called an orchiectomy) is a type of hormone therapy because it quickly cuts your testosterone levels. This operation used to be common, but most men with prostate cancer don't get it any more. Instead, they take medicines that lower hormone levels while leaving the testicles in place.

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Prostate Cancer Overview," "Hormone (androgen deprivation) therapy for prostate cancer" and "Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ): Treatment Option Overview: Radiation Therapy."

American Urological Association: "Advanced Prostate Cancer."

Prostate Cancer Infolink: "Are all LHRH agonists 'just the same'?"

American Cancer Society web site. 

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on February 21, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Prostate Cancer Overview," "Hormone (androgen deprivation) therapy for prostate cancer" and "Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ): Treatment Option Overview: Radiation Therapy."

American Urological Association: "Advanced Prostate Cancer."

Prostate Cancer Infolink: "Are all LHRH agonists 'just the same'?"

American Cancer Society web site. 

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on February 21, 2019

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How is immunotherapy used to treat advanced prostate cancer?

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