Arthroplasty is surgery done to reconstruct or replace a diseased joint. For rheumatoid arthritis, arthroplasty is done to restore function to a joint or correct a deformity. Bones in a joint can be reshaped. Or all or part of the joint can be replaced with metal, ceramic, or plastic parts.
What To Expect After Surgery
Recovery following arthroplasty may involve a 2- to 14-day hospital stay. Depending on the joint, rehabilitation may take several weeks to several months.
Why It Is Done
Surgery such as arthroplasty will not cure rheumatoid arthritis, nor will it stop disease activity. But if a joint is badly diseased, surgery may provide pain relief and improve function. Arthroplasty is considered when:
- Symptoms can no longer be controlled with medicine, joint injections, physical therapy, and exercise.
- Pain from rheumatoid arthritis can no longer be tolerated.
- You are not able to do normal daily activities.
- Narrowing of the joint space or wearing away of the cartilage and bone is causing severe pain or reduced range of motion.
How Well It Works
Arthroplasty can relieve pain and restore enough function in a joint to allow a person to do normal daily activities.1
Risks of arthroplasty include the risks of surgery and using anesthetic and the risks of:
- Infection developing in the artificial joint (requires removal of the artificial joint and treatment of the infection).
- Development of blood clots (thrombophlebitis).
- Loosening of the joint.
What To Think About
Success of arthroplasty depends in part on whether a person follows a rehabilitation program after surgery.
Firestein GS (2010). Rheumatoid arthritis. In EG Nabel, ed., ACP Medicine, section 15, chap. 2. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.
Primary Medical ReviewerAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerNancy Ann Shadick, MD, MPH - Internal Medicine, Rheumatology
Current as ofAugust 21, 2015