IMAGES PROVIDED BY:
(1) Peter Cade / Iconica
(2) Jan Couver / E+
(3) Image Source
(4) Poppy Barach / E+
(5) Michael Phillips / E+
(6) Cavan Images / Iconica
(7) Vasilis Nikolos / E+
(9) Ariel Skelley / Blend Images
(10) Stewart Waller
(11) Magdalena Kucova / E+
(12) Esolla / E+
American College of Rheumatology: "Methotrexate."
Arthritis Care: "Eating Well."
Arthritis Foundation, Arthritis Today: "A Cup of Tea Can Be Good For Your Health," "Arthritis Food Myths," "Nutrition Guidelines for People with Rheumatoid Arthritis," "Fish May Reduce Inflammation."
Buckley, L. Annals of Internal Medicine, December 15, 1996.
Cleveland Clinic: "The Power of Fish."
Colorado State University Extension: "Health Benefits and Safe Handling of Salad Greens."
News release, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.
Funk, J. Journal of Natural Products, March 2006.
Galland, L. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, December 2010.
Haqqi, T. PNAS, April 13, 1999.
Kaspar, K. The Journal of Nutrition, January 1, 2011.
Kast, R. International Immunopharmacology, November, 2001.
Kjeldsen-Kragh, J. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 2003.
Kremer, J. Arthritis and Rheumatism, June 1990.
Lucas, L. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 2011.
Ma, Y. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, April 2006.
Martin, R. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1998.
MedlinePlus: "Folic Acid," "Ginger," "Turmeric."
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: "Rheumatoid Arthritis and Complementary Health Approaches."
NHS: "Arthritis and Diet."
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine: "Foods and Arthritis."
Ramadan, G. Inflammation, August 2011.
Shapiro, J. Epidemiology, May 1996.
Stamp, L. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism, October, 2005.
The Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center: "Nutrition & Rheumatoid Arthritis."
University of Michigan Health System: "Healing Foods Pyramid: Healthy Fats," "Health Foods Pyramid: Legumes."
USDA: "Top Antioxidant Foods."
Van Vugt, R. Clinical Rheumatology, June 2008.
Whole Grains Council: "Identifying Whole Grain Products."
Reviewed by David Zelman, MD on October 20, 2016
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.