IMAGES PROVIDED BY:
Arthritis Foundation: “Coping With an Arthritis Flare,” “Definition of Flare,” “How Fat Affects Rheumatoid Arthritis,” “RA and Infection Risk,” “Rheumatoid Arthritis and Pregnancy,” “Rheumatoid Arthritis: Self-Care,” “Why Your RA Went Into Remission, but Relapsed.”
BMC Psychiatry: "Depression and anxiety in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: prevalence rates based on a comparison of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and the hospital, Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)."
Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association: "Chronic Stress, Cortisol Dysfunction, and Pain: A Psychoneuroendocrine Rationale for Stress Management in Pain Rehabilitation."
Mayo Clinic: “Septic arthritis," “Smoking and rheumatoid arthritis: What's the risk?” “Stress management.”
Harvard Health Publishing: “How to sleep well despite chronic pain.”
American College of Rheumatology: “Fibromyalgia,” “Preliminary criteria for clinical remission in rheumatoid arthritis.”
Arthritis Research & Therapy: “Sustained rheumatoid arthritis remission is uncommon in clinical practice.”
Cleveland Clinic: “Rheumatoid Arthritis.”
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology: “Obesity, adipose tissue and rheumatoid arthritis: coincidence or more complex relationship?”
Vitamin D Council: "Am I deficient in vitamin D?" "In rheumatoid arthritis, vitamin D levels are related to disease severity, inflammatory cytokines, and bone loss."
American Medical Association: "8 Reasons Patients Don't Take Their Medications."
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases: "Diagnostic delay in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis: results from the Danish nationwide DANBIO registry."
Reviewed by David Zelman, MD on October 04, 2018
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.