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What are serious conditions caused by neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS)?

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NMS can damage muscles and cause very high or low blood pressure. If you’re not treated, you can get serious problems, like:

  • Kidney failure
  • Heart and lung failure
  • Lack of oxygen in the body
  • Infection in the lungs caused by breathing in fluid (aspiration pneumonia)
  • More acid in the body

SOURCES:

Kateon, H. , published online September 2013. Mental Health Clinician

Merck Manual Professional Version: "Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "NINDS Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Information Page."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome."

OrphaNet: "Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome."

Reviewed by Jennifer Casarella on December 4, 2019

SOURCES:

Kateon, H. , published online September 2013. Mental Health Clinician

Merck Manual Professional Version: "Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "NINDS Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Information Page."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome."

OrphaNet: "Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome."

Reviewed by Jennifer Casarella on December 4, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What tests are done to diagnose neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS)?

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