Reviewed by Minesh
Khatri, MD on
May 15, 2021
IMAGE PROVIDED BY:
American Family Physician: "Testosterone Treatments: Why, When, and How?"
Bancroft, J. Journal of Endocrinology, September 1, 2005.
Bhasin, E., Cunningham, G., Hayes, F., Matsumoto, P., Snyder, R. & Montori, R. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism , July 1, 2013.
Cleveland Clinic: "Androgen Deficiency."
Dhindsa, S. Diabetes Care, June 2010.
Eassa, B. Journal of Pan-Arab League of Dermatologists, June 2007.
Emanuele, M. Alcohol Health and Research World, 1998.
Endocrine Society: Testosterone Therapy in Adult Men with Androgen Deficiency Syndromes: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline.
Feldman, H. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism , Feb. 1, 2002.
Gormley, G. New England Journal of Medicine, Oct. 22, 1992.
Harvard Prostate Knowledge: "A Harvard expert shares his thoughts on testosterone-replacement therapy."
Hormone Foundation: "Patient's Guide to Low Testosterone."
Lab Tests Online: "Testosterone."
Medscape: "Low Testosterone Medscape CME Expert Column Series. Issue 1: Testosterone Deficiency in Men: Common and Under-recognized."
Medscape: "Low Testosterone Medscape CME Expert Column Series. Issue 2: Screening and Workup for Testosterone Deficiency."
Mulligan, T. International Journal of Clinical Practice, July 1, 2006.
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: “What Is Metabolic Syndrome?”
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert, October 1994.
National Institute on Drug Abuse: "InfoFacts: Steroids (Anabolic-Androgenic)."
National Institutes of Health: "Medline Plus Interactive Health Tutorial."
Oxford Journals – Human Reproduction Update, September-October, 2004.
Up to Date: "Clinical features and diagnosis of male hypogonadism."
This tool does not provide medical advice.
See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
© 2021 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.