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How are abnormal cells in HPV (human papillomavirus) treated?

ANSWER

If your doctor decides to treat the abnormal cells, he or she may use one of these methods:

  • Cryotherapy. This involves freezing the abnormal cells with liquid nitrogen.
  • Conization. This procedure, also known as a cone biopsy, removes the abnormal areas.
  • Laser therapy. This uses light to burn away abnormal cells.
  • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure. The abnormal cells are removed with an electrical current. The goal is to remove all the abnormal cells, including most or all of the cells with HPV.

From: What’s the Treatment for HPV? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

CDC: "Genital HPV Infection-CDC Fact Sheet."

American Social Health Association: "HPV: Cervical Dysplasia: Questions & Answers."

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Human Papillomavirus."

Joan Walker, MD, Gynecologic Oncologist, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: "Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts."

Diane Harper, MD, MPH, Professor of Community and Family Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, N.H.

Joseph Bocchini, MD, Chairman, Committee on Infectious Diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics; Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport.

American Social Health Association fact sheets: "HPV: Myths and Misconceptions," "HPV: Genital Warts: Questions and Answers," and "HPV: Cervical Dysplasia Questions & Answers." 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2019

SOURCES:

CDC: "Genital HPV Infection-CDC Fact Sheet."

American Social Health Association: "HPV: Cervical Dysplasia: Questions & Answers."

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Human Papillomavirus."

Joan Walker, MD, Gynecologic Oncologist, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: "Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts."

Diane Harper, MD, MPH, Professor of Community and Family Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, N.H.

Joseph Bocchini, MD, Chairman, Committee on Infectious Diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics; Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport.

American Social Health Association fact sheets: "HPV: Myths and Misconceptions," "HPV: Genital Warts: Questions and Answers," and "HPV: Cervical Dysplasia Questions & Answers." 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2019

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What are genital warts in HPV (human papillomavirus)?

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