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How can you prevent HPV?

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You can get HPV through sex (vaginal, anal, or oral). It spreads through skin-to-skin contact. HPV can infect skin not normally covered by a condom, so using one won’t fully protect you. You can’t get HPV from a toilet seat, swimming pools, or from an infected person’s blood. The only way to avoid all risk of any type of HPV infection is to never be sexually active -- no vaginal, anal, or oral sex. To lower your risk, you can also limit the number of sex partners you have. You can also choose partners who've had few or no sex partners before you. Three vaccines -- Cervarix, Gardasil, and Gardasil-9 -- protect against HPV. They’re available to boys and girls as young as 9 and adults up to age 26. The vaccines focus on some of the higher-risk types of HPV. All three guard against HPV 16 and 18. Gardasil and Gardasil-9 are also effective against HPV 6 and 11, which cause most genital warts. Gardasil-9 also covers against the high-risk strains 31, 33, 45, 52, 58.

From: What Is HPV? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Diane Harper, MD, MPH, Professor of Community and Family Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, N.H.

 

Joseph Bocchini, MD, Chairman, Committee on Infectious Diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics; Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, La.

 

American Cancer Society: "Frequently Asked Questions About Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccines."

 

FDA: "HPV (human papillomovirus)." CDC: "HPV and Men," "Genital HPV Infection-CDC Fact Sheet."

 

American Social Health Association: "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Fast Facts," "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Background Information."

 

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: "Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2019

SOURCES:

Diane Harper, MD, MPH, Professor of Community and Family Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, N.H.

 

Joseph Bocchini, MD, Chairman, Committee on Infectious Diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics; Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, La.

 

American Cancer Society: "Frequently Asked Questions About Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccines."

 

FDA: "HPV (human papillomovirus)." CDC: "HPV and Men," "Genital HPV Infection-CDC Fact Sheet."

 

American Social Health Association: "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Fast Facts," "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Background Information."

 

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: "Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2019

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