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How effective are HPV vaccines?

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Like any vaccine, HPV vaccines aren't foolproof. They don't protect against all of the 100-plus types of HPV. But both vaccines are nearly 100% effective in preventing disease caused by high-risk strains of HPV -- HPV 16 and 18. Together, these account for 70% of all cervical cancers, as well as many cancers of the vagina and vulva.

From: HPV Vaccines WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: News release. FDA. Diane Harper, MD, MPH, professor of community and family medicine and obstetrics and gynecology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, N.H. Joseph Bocchini, MD, chairman, committee on infectious diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics; chief of pediatric infectious diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, La. American Cancer Society: "Frequently Asked Questions About Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccines." FDA: "HPV (human papillomovirus)." American Social Health Association: "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Fast Facts," and "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Background Information." American Cancer Society: "Frequently Asked Questions About Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccines." WebMD Health News: WebMD Feature: Liad Diamond, GlaxoSmithKline spokesperson. FDA: "FDA approves Gardasil 9 for prevention of certain cancers caused by five additional types of HPV." "Cervical Cancer Vaccine Benefit Lasts.""HPV, Cervical Cancer Vaccine: 15 Facts."

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on September 17, 2018

SOURCES: News release. FDA. Diane Harper, MD, MPH, professor of community and family medicine and obstetrics and gynecology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, N.H. Joseph Bocchini, MD, chairman, committee on infectious diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics; chief of pediatric infectious diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, La. American Cancer Society: "Frequently Asked Questions About Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccines." FDA: "HPV (human papillomovirus)." American Social Health Association: "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Fast Facts," and "HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Background Information." American Cancer Society: "Frequently Asked Questions About Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccines." WebMD Health News: WebMD Feature: Liad Diamond, GlaxoSmithKline spokesperson. FDA: "FDA approves Gardasil 9 for prevention of certain cancers caused by five additional types of HPV." "Cervical Cancer Vaccine Benefit Lasts.""HPV, Cervical Cancer Vaccine: 15 Facts."

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on September 17, 2018

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Who should get the HPV vaccine Gardasil?

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