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What is pemphigoid?

ANSWER

Pemphigoid is a group of autoimmune blistering disorders. It has three main types:

  • Bullous pemphigoid usually affects people older than 70. It causes itchy blisters to form on the arms, thighs, and belly.
  • Mucous membrane pemphigoid affects the lining of the mouth, eyes, nose, throat, and genitals.
  • Pemphigoid gestationis affects women during pregnancy or just after their baby is born. It starts as a bumpy rash on the belly, arms, and legs. Then the bumps turn into blisters.

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: "Blistering Diseases."

DermNet New Zealand: "Intravenous immunoglobulin," "Mucous membrane pemphigoid."

National Health Service: "Bullous pemphigoid."

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: "Pemphigus."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Autoimmune Blistering Diseases."

Reviewed by Stephanie S. Gardner on November 12, 2018

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: "Blistering Diseases."

DermNet New Zealand: "Intravenous immunoglobulin," "Mucous membrane pemphigoid."

National Health Service: "Bullous pemphigoid."

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: "Pemphigus."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Autoimmune Blistering Diseases."

Reviewed by Stephanie S. Gardner on November 12, 2018

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