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What type of hypopigmentation is albinism?

ANSWER

Albinism is a rare inherited disorder caused by the absence of an enzyme that produces melanin. This results in a complete lack of pigmentation in skin, hair, and eyes. Albinos have an abnormal gene that restricts the body from producing melanin. There is no cure for albinism. People with albinism should use a sunscreen at all times because they are much more likely to get sun damage and skin cancer. This disorder can occur in any race, but is most common among whites.

SOURCES:

Merck Manual Home Health Handbook: "Overview of Skin Pigment."

American Osteopathic College of Dermatology: "Hyperpigmentation."

American Academy of Dermatology: "Melasma."

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: "Healthy Skin Matters."

FDA.

Reviewed by Debra Jaliman on August 27, 2019

SOURCES:

Merck Manual Home Health Handbook: "Overview of Skin Pigment."

American Osteopathic College of Dermatology: "Hyperpigmentation."

American Academy of Dermatology: "Melasma."

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: "Healthy Skin Matters."

FDA.

Reviewed by Debra Jaliman on August 27, 2019

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What skin conditions are related to HIV/AIDS?

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