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What are other risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea?

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In addition to obesity, other anatomical features associated with obstructive sleep apnea -- many of them hereditary -- include a narrow throat, thick neck, and round head. Contributing factors may include hypothyroidism, excessive and abnormal growth due to excessive production of growth hormone (acromegaly), and allergies and other medical conditions such as a deviated septum that cause congestion in the upper airways.

In adults, smoking, excessive alcohol use, and/or the use of sedatives is often associated with obstructive sleep apnea.

SOURCES:

Merck Manual Second Home Edition: “Sleep Apnea.”

Merck Manual Professional Edition: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: “Sleep Apnea.”

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

Lee, W. , June 1, 2008. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on August 24, 2017

SOURCES:

Merck Manual Second Home Edition: “Sleep Apnea.”

Merck Manual Professional Edition: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: “Sleep Apnea.”

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

Lee, W. , June 1, 2008. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on August 24, 2017

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How are obstructive sleep apnea and being overweight connected?

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