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What causes sleep apnea in children?

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In children, causes of obstructive sleep apnea often include enlarged tonsils or adenoids, and dental conditions such as a large overbite.

Less common causes include a tumor or growth in the airway, and birth defects such as Down syndrome and Pierre-Robin syndrome.

SOURCES:

Merck Manual Second Home Edition: “Sleep Apnea.”

Merck Manual Professional Edition: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: “Sleep Apnea.”

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

Lee, W. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, June 1, 2008.

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on May 22, 2019

SOURCES:

Merck Manual Second Home Edition: “Sleep Apnea.”

Merck Manual Professional Edition: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: “Sleep Apnea.”

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford: “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”

Lee, W. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, June 1, 2008.

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on May 22, 2019

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What can sleep apnea lead to?

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