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What are the late-phase symptoms of nicotine poisoning?

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The late-phase symptoms of nicotine poisoning happen 30 minutes to 4 hours later, and include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Shallow breathing
  • Slower heartbeat
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Lethargy
  • Feeling weak, slow reflexes, or unable to control muscles
  • Seizures

SOURCES:

Mayo Clinic: "Nicotine Dependence."

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: "Nicotine: Systemic Agent," "Nicotine."

American Lung Association: "Nicotine," "E-cigarettes and Lung Health."

National Cancer Institute: "Smokeless Tobacco and Cancer."

American Cancer Society: "Nicotine Replacement Therapy to Quit Smoking."

INCHEM: "Nicotine."

Mayer, B. Archives of Toxicology, published online Oct. 4, 2013.

Barceloux, D. Medical Toxicology of Drug Abuse: Synthesized Chemicals and Psychoactive Plants, John Wiley & Sons, March 2012.

Children's Safety Network: "Preventing E-Cigarette Poisoning among Children and Youth."

American Association of Poison Control Centers: "Tobacco & Liquid Nicotine," "Electronic Cigarettes and Liquid Nicotine Data," "E-Cigarettes and Liquid Nicotine."

Medscape: "E-Cigarettes Rising Cause of Nicotine Poisoning in Children."

Kamboj, A. Pediatrics, published online May 2016.

Healthychildren.org: "Liquid Nicotine Used in E-Cigarettes Can Kill Children," "Poison Prevention & Treatment Tips."

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on June 12, 2020

SOURCES:

Mayo Clinic: "Nicotine Dependence."

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: "Nicotine: Systemic Agent," "Nicotine."

American Lung Association: "Nicotine," "E-cigarettes and Lung Health."

National Cancer Institute: "Smokeless Tobacco and Cancer."

American Cancer Society: "Nicotine Replacement Therapy to Quit Smoking."

INCHEM: "Nicotine."

Mayer, B. Archives of Toxicology, published online Oct. 4, 2013.

Barceloux, D. Medical Toxicology of Drug Abuse: Synthesized Chemicals and Psychoactive Plants, John Wiley & Sons, March 2012.

Children's Safety Network: "Preventing E-Cigarette Poisoning among Children and Youth."

American Association of Poison Control Centers: "Tobacco & Liquid Nicotine," "Electronic Cigarettes and Liquid Nicotine Data," "E-Cigarettes and Liquid Nicotine."

Medscape: "E-Cigarettes Rising Cause of Nicotine Poisoning in Children."

Kamboj, A. Pediatrics, published online May 2016.

Healthychildren.org: "Liquid Nicotine Used in E-Cigarettes Can Kill Children," "Poison Prevention & Treatment Tips."

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on June 12, 2020

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