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Why does your bladder get weaker in menopause?

ANSWER

Your ovaries stop making estrogen during this time in your life.

You may know this comes with hot flashes, night sweats, and mood changes. But some other changes can lead to bladder control issues for some women.

  • Your vaginal tissue becomes less elastic.
  • The lining of your urethra, the tube that empties urine from your bladder, begins to thin.
  • Your pelvic floor, the group of muscles that supports both your urethra and bladder, weakens.

SOURCES:

Bladder and Bowel Foundation: “After the Menopause.”

Harvard Medical School: “Dealing With the Symptoms of Menopause.”

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Urinary Incontinence Fact Sheet.”

Hormone Health Network: “What Is Estrogen?” “Menopause Map: Perimenopause”

The North American Menopause Society: “Changes in the Vagina and Vulva.”

Northwest Women’s Center: “Patient Information: Stress Incontinence.”

University of Colorado Urogynecology: “Menopause & Urinary Symptoms.”

National Institute on Aging: “Urinary Incontinence.”

University of California San Francisco Medical Center: “Urge Incontinence in Women Treatment,” “Stress Incontinence in Women Treatment,” “Pessaries.”

Henry Ford Health System: “Women’s Health: Pelvic Floor Disorder Symptoms and Diagnosis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Overactive Bladder,” “Are Your Medications Causing or Increasing Incontinence?”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “What I Need to Know About Bladder Control for Women,” “Urodynamic Testing,” “Nerve Disease and Bladder Control,” Medicines for Bladder Control.”

Lee, J. . Nursing Times

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on April 11, 2017

SOURCES:

Bladder and Bowel Foundation: “After the Menopause.”

Harvard Medical School: “Dealing With the Symptoms of Menopause.”

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Urinary Incontinence Fact Sheet.”

Hormone Health Network: “What Is Estrogen?” “Menopause Map: Perimenopause”

The North American Menopause Society: “Changes in the Vagina and Vulva.”

Northwest Women’s Center: “Patient Information: Stress Incontinence.”

University of Colorado Urogynecology: “Menopause & Urinary Symptoms.”

National Institute on Aging: “Urinary Incontinence.”

University of California San Francisco Medical Center: “Urge Incontinence in Women Treatment,” “Stress Incontinence in Women Treatment,” “Pessaries.”

Henry Ford Health System: “Women’s Health: Pelvic Floor Disorder Symptoms and Diagnosis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Overactive Bladder,” “Are Your Medications Causing or Increasing Incontinence?”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “What I Need to Know About Bladder Control for Women,” “Urodynamic Testing,” “Nerve Disease and Bladder Control,” Medicines for Bladder Control.”

Lee, J. . Nursing Times

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on April 11, 2017

NEXT QUESTION:

What are the most common bladder issues women face during and after menopause?

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