Reviewed by Nazia
Bandukwala, DO on
May 29, 2018
IMAGE PROVIDED BY:
VStock / Thinkstock
American Academy of Family Physicians: “Urinary Tract Infections -- Treatment” and “Urinary Tract Infections: Other Causes of Painful Urination.”
American Diabetes Association: “Symptoms.”
American Urological Association Foundation: “Problems Urinating in Public (Paruresis)” and “Urinary Tract Infections in Adults.”
Barbosa-Cesnik, C. Clinical Infectious Diseases , January 2011.
Bladder and Bowel Foundation: ���Frequency.”
Harvard Health Publications: “Color, odor changes in urine usually -- but not always -- harmless, reports Harvard Women’s Health Watch.”
Harvard Women’s Health Watch: “Urine Color and Odor Changes.”
Healthwise: “Kidney Stones,” “Marine Stings and Scrapes -- Home Treatment.”
Jura, Y. The Journal of Urology, published online March 18, 2011.
National Association for Continence: “Diet and Daily Habits.”
National Kidney & Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse: “Urinary Tract Infections in Adults;” “Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome;” and “Urinary Incontinence in Women.”
Soifer, S. Urologic Nursing, March-April 2009.
Stanford School of Medicine: “The Significance of Abnormal Urine Color.”
Tikkinen, K. The Journal of Urology, February 2006.
University of Colorado Hospital: “The Orthotopic Neobladder.”
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign McKinley Health Center: “Urinary Tract Infections in Women.”
Foxman, B. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology , August 2015.
Reuters: "Not all cranberry supplements prevent urinary tract infections," April 28, 2016.
This tool does not provide medical advice.
See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
© 2018 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.