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If I have HIV or AIDS, what should I know about vaccines?

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Not all vaccines are safe for people with HIV/AIDS. Ones made from live viruses shouldn't be given to people with CD4 counts less than 200 because they have a weak form of the germ and may cause a mild case of the disease. Also:

  • Vaccines may make your viral load bigger
  • They may not work as well if your CD4 count is very low.
  • Ones made from a live virus may give you the disease the vaccine is supposed to prevent. Avoid close contact with anyone who has had a live vaccine in the past 3 weeks.

SOURCES: AIDS InfoNet: "Vaccinations and HIV." CDC: "HIV/AIDS and the Flu" and "Preventing Infections During Travel." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: "Recommended Immunizations for HIV Positive Adults."


Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on March 21, 2018

SOURCES: AIDS InfoNet: "Vaccinations and HIV." CDC: "HIV/AIDS and the Flu" and "Preventing Infections During Travel." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: "Recommended Immunizations for HIV Positive Adults."


Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on March 21, 2018

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Which vaccines should I get if I have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and plan to travel out of the country?

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