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What is human papillomavirus (HPV)?

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Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the virus that causes cervical cancer in women and genital warts in men and women. The HPV vaccine effectively prevents infection with the HPV types responsible for most cervical cancers and can also prevent genital warts. HPV vaccination is most effective during childhood or adolescence, but adults can also benefit from the HPV vaccine.

From: HPV Vaccine for Adults WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

CDC web site: ''Cervical Cancer Statistics,'' ''HPV Vaccine -- Questions & Answers;'' ''Genital HPV Infection --Fact Sheet;'' ''ACIP Recommendations on HPV;'' ''Human Papillomavirus (HPV);''  "HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer - Fact Sheet;" and "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report," June 25, 2014.

National Cancer Institute web site: ''Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines.''

Merck web site: Gardasil package insert prescribing information.

GlaxoSmithKline web site: Cervarix package insert prescribing information.

Koutsky, L. , 1997. The American Journal of Medicine

Syrjanen, K. 1990. Sexually Transmitted Diseases,

FDA: "FDA approves Gardasil 9 for prevention of certain cancers caused by five additional types of HPV."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on March 27, 2017

SOURCES:

CDC web site: ''Cervical Cancer Statistics,'' ''HPV Vaccine -- Questions & Answers;'' ''Genital HPV Infection --Fact Sheet;'' ''ACIP Recommendations on HPV;'' ''Human Papillomavirus (HPV);''  "HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer - Fact Sheet;" and "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report," June 25, 2014.

National Cancer Institute web site: ''Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines.''

Merck web site: Gardasil package insert prescribing information.

GlaxoSmithKline web site: Cervarix package insert prescribing information.

Koutsky, L. , 1997. The American Journal of Medicine

Syrjanen, K. 1990. Sexually Transmitted Diseases,

FDA: "FDA approves Gardasil 9 for prevention of certain cancers caused by five additional types of HPV."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on March 27, 2017

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How common is human papillomavirus (HPV)?

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