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What are the risks of taking xylitol?

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Xylitol is mostly safe, especially if taken in the amounts found in food. The FDA has approved it as a food additive or sweetener.

If you take large amounts of xylitol, such as 30 to 40 grams, you may have diarrhea or gas.

There’s not enough information to confirm xylitol's safety in pregnant and breastfeeding women, so they shouldn’t use it for medicinal purposes. Some animal studies have shown tumor growth from high doses of xylitol over long periods, but more research is needed.

From: Xylitol WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database: "Xylitol."

Food Insight: "Background on Carbohydrates & Sugars," "Sugar Alcohols Fact Sheet."

Canadian Diabetes Association: "Sweeteners."

Amo, K. , July 2011. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition

Bope, E. , Saunders Elsevier, 2013. Conn's Current Therapy 2013

Schmid RD. A 2016 cute Hepatic Failure in a Dog after Xylitol Ingestion.

Azarpazhooh A.   August 2016. Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age.

FDA: Paws Off Xylitol; It's Dangerous for Dogs.  

Reviewed by Christine Mikstas on May 30, 2019

SOURCES:

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database: "Xylitol."

Food Insight: "Background on Carbohydrates & Sugars," "Sugar Alcohols Fact Sheet."

Canadian Diabetes Association: "Sweeteners."

Amo, K. , July 2011. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition

Bope, E. , Saunders Elsevier, 2013. Conn's Current Therapy 2013

Schmid RD. A 2016 cute Hepatic Failure in a Dog after Xylitol Ingestion.

Azarpazhooh A.   August 2016. Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age.

FDA: Paws Off Xylitol; It's Dangerous for Dogs.  

Reviewed by Christine Mikstas on May 30, 2019

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Can xylitol be toxic to dogs?

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