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What foods have carnitine in them?

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Carnitine is in many animal products. Red meat has the highest levels. A 4-ounce beef steak has an estimated 56 to 162 milligramgs (mg) of carnitine. Carnitine is also found in smaller amounts in chicken, milk and dairy products, fish, beans, and avocado. Vegans tend to get less carnitine from foods, but their bodies usually make enough anyway.

From: L-Carnitine WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Fundukian LJ ed, , third edition, 2009. The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine

Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University: "L-Carnitine."

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center web site: "About Herbs: Carnitine."

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine web site: "Herbs at a Glance: Carnitine."

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database web site: "Carnitine."

National Institutes of Health: "Carnitine."

Mochamat, "A systematic review on the role of vitamins, minerals, proteins, and other supplements for the treatment of cachexia in cancer: a European Palliative Care Research Centre cachexia project. 2017 J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle."

Delaney CL, "A systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of carnitine supplementation in improving walking performance among individuals with intermittent claudication." 2013  Atherosclerosis.

Reviewed by Carmen Patrick Mohan on May 12, 2017

SOURCES:

Fundukian LJ ed, , third edition, 2009. The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine

Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University: "L-Carnitine."

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center web site: "About Herbs: Carnitine."

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine web site: "Herbs at a Glance: Carnitine."

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database web site: "Carnitine."

National Institutes of Health: "Carnitine."

Mochamat, "A systematic review on the role of vitamins, minerals, proteins, and other supplements for the treatment of cachexia in cancer: a European Palliative Care Research Centre cachexia project. 2017 J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle."

Delaney CL, "A systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of carnitine supplementation in improving walking performance among individuals with intermittent claudication." 2013  Atherosclerosis.

Reviewed by Carmen Patrick Mohan on May 12, 2017

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What are side effects of taking L-carnitine?

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