BLACK MUSTARD

OTHER NAME(S):

Black Moutarde, Black Mustard Greens, Black Mustard Oil, Black Mustard Paste, Black Mustard Plaster, Black Mustard Powder, Black Mustard Seed, Brassica nigra, Graine de Moutarde Noire, Huile de Moutarde Noire, Mostaza Negra, Moutarde, Moutarde Noire, Moutarde Sauvage, Mustard, Pâte de Moutarde Noire, Plâtre de Moutarde Noire, Sénevé, Sénevé Noir, Sarshap, Sinapis nigra.

Overview

Overview Information

Black mustard is a plant. The leaves, seed, and oil from the seed are used to make medicine.

Black mustard is used for the common cold, joint pain, arthritis, lung illnesses, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

In foods, black mustard leaves (greens) are used in salads and other dishes. The seed is used as a spice and to flavor mustard condiment. There are approximately 40 different species of mustard plant. Black mustard (Brassica nigra) is the most pungent.

How does it work?

There is not enough information available to know how black mustard might work for medical conditions. Black mustard contains chemicals that might initially reduce pain when applied to the skin. But contact with the skin for too long might cause skin irritation and burning.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Common cold.
  • Joint pain.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Water retention (edema).
  • Loss of appetite.
  • To induce vomiting.
  • Pneumonia and painful lung conditions, when applied to the affected area as a "mustard plaster".
  • Aching feet, when applied to the affected area as a "mustard plaster".
  • Lower back pain, when applied to the affected area as a "mustard plaster".
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of black mustard for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Black mustard is LIKELY SAFE when eaten as part of a food such as mustard. But there isn't enough reliable information to know if black mustard is safe to use as medicine. It might cause side effects such as throat damage, heart failure, diarrhea, drowsiness, breathing difficulties, coma, and death when used in very large amounts.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if black mustard is safe. It might cause side effects such as skin blisters and skin damage, especially when applied for a long time.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy: It's LIKELY UNSAFE to use black mustard in medicinal amounts if you are pregnant. Black mustard contains chemicals that might start your menstrual period and cause a miscarriage.

Breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if black mustard is safe to use when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Diabetes: Black mustard might lower blood sugar levels when taken as a medicine. If you have diabetes and take medications to lower your blood sugar, adding black mustard might make your blood sugar drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar carefully.

Surgery: There is a concern that black mustard might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery when taken as a medicine. Stop using bitter melon at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for BLACK MUSTARD Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of black mustard for use as treatment depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for black mustard. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Anand, P., Murali, K. Y., Tandon, V., Chandra, R., and Murthy, P. S. Preliminary studies on antihyperglycemic effect of aqueous extract of Brassica nigra (L.) Koch in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Indian J Exp.Biol 2007;45(8):696-701. View abstract.
  • Anand, P., Murali, Y. K., Tandon, V., Murthy, P. S., and Chandra, R. Insulinotropic effect of aqueous extract of Brassica nigra improves glucose homeostasis in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Exp.Clin.Endocrinol.Diabetes 2009;117(6):251-256. View abstract.
  • Darmstadt, G. L., Mao-Qiang, M., Chi, E., Saha, S. K., Ziboh, V. A., Black, R. E., Santosham, M., and Elias, P. M. Impact of topical oils on the skin barrier: possible implications for neonatal health in developing countries. Acta Paediatr. 2002;91(5):546-554. View abstract.
  • Gulbransen, G. and Esernio-Jenssen, D. Aspiration of black mustard. J Toxicol.Clin.Toxicol. 1998;36(6):591-593. View abstract.
  • Huo, G. R., Ma, L. Q., and Huang, C. H. [Clinical study on treatment of chronic bronchitis by tracheitis plaster]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 2001;21(11):816-818. View abstract.
  • Kumar, A., D'Souza, S. S., Tickoo, S., Salimath, B. P., and Singh, H. B. Antiangiogenic and proapoptotic activities of allyl isothiocyanate inhibit ascites tumor growth in vivo. Integr.Cancer Ther. 2009;8(1):75-87. View abstract.
  • Mullany, L. C., Darmstadt, G. L., Khatry, S. K., and Tielsch, J. M. Traditional massage of newborns in Nepal: implications for trials of improved practice. J Trop.Pediatr. 2005;51(2):82-86. View abstract.
  • Shankar, S. R., Bijlani, R. L., Baveja, T., Jauhar, N., Vashisht, S., Mahapatra, S. C., Mehta, N., and Manchanda, S. C. Effect of partial replacement of visible fat by ghee (clarified butter) on serum lipid profile. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2002;46(3):355-360. View abstract.
  • Shankar, S. R., Yadav, R. K., Ray, R. B., Bijlani, R. L., Baveja, T., Jauhar, N., Agarwal, N., Vashisht, S., Mahapatra, S. C., Mehta, N., and Manchanda, S. C. Serum lipid response to introducing ghee as a partial replacement for mustard oil in the diet of healthy young Indians. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2005;49(1):49-56. View abstract.
  • Singh, R. B., Dubnov, G., Niaz, M. A., Ghosh, S., Singh, R., Rastogi, S. S., Manor, O., Pella, D., and Berry, E. M. Effect of an Indo-Mediterranean diet on progression of coronary artery disease in high risk patients (Indo-Mediterranean Diet Heart Study): a randomised single-blind trial. Lancet 11-9-2002;360(9344):1455-1461. View abstract.
  • Agarwal KN, Gupta A, Pushkarna R, et al. Effects of massage & use of oil on growth, blood flow & sleep pattern in infants. Indian J Med Res 2000;112:212-7. View abstract.
  • Boscaro V, Boffa L, Binello A, et al. Antiproliferative, proapoptotic, antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of Sinapis nigra L. and Sinapis alba L. extracts. Molecules. 2018;23(11). pii: E3004. View abstract.
  • Covington TR, et al. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs. 11th ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmaceutical Association, 1996.
  • Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182
  • Singh RB, Niaz MA, Sharma JP, et al. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fish oil and mustard oil in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction: the Indian experiment of infarct survival-4. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 1997;11:485-91. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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