Myths and Facts About Hypothyroidism

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    Question 1/8

    Hypothyroidism means your thyroid is:

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    Answer 1/8

    Hypothyroidism means your thyroid is:

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    Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the lower part of your neck. It makes thyroid hormone that helps you use energy and stay warm. It also keeps your brain, heart, muscles, and other organs running normally.

    If you have hypothyroidism, your thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormone.

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    Question 2/8

    Men are more likely to have hypothyroidism.

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    Answer 2/8

    Men are more likely to have hypothyroidism.

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    It's more common in women, especially those over 50. Still, you can have low thyroid levels at any age. Even babies and older children can have an underactive thyroid.

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    Question 3/8

    Which can be a symptom of hypothyroidism?

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    Answer 3/8

    Which can be a symptom of hypothyroidism?

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    Fatigue, weight gain, numbness, and tingling in your hands and, yes, always feeling cold can be signs that you have low thyroid levels. Symptoms tend to come on slowly over a few years.

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    Question 4/8

    Your doctor can diagnose hypothyroidism with blood tests.

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    Answer 4/8

    Your doctor can diagnose hypothyroidism with blood tests.

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    Hypothyroidism can be tricky to diagnose because your symptoms can look like those associated with other conditions. Blood tests that check how well your thyroid gland is working are the only way to know for sure if you've got it.

    Your doctor will also check for other symptoms of it, like dry skin, hair loss, and a hoarse voice.

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    Question 5/8

    What's the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the U.S.?

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    Answer 5/8

    What's the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the U.S.?

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    When someone has an autoimmune disease like Hashimoto's disease, their immune system attacks healthy cells. Some people make proteins that attack their thyroid gland. That can lead to hypothyroidism, too.

    Other reasons for it include:

    • Removal of part or all of the thyroid
    • Radiation treatment
    • Too much or too little iodine in your diet
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    Question 6/8

    Hypothyroidism can be controlled with medication.

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    Answer 6/8

    Hypothyroidism can be controlled with medication.

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    You can't cure hypothyroidism. But with the right dose of medicine, you'll start to feel better and your symptoms probably will go away. People who have it take daily pills to replace the hormones their thyroid can't make. 

    It may take a few tries to get the dose right. If you don't get enough replacement hormone, you may still have symptoms. If you get too much, you might have symptoms of hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid).

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    Question 7/8

    If you don't treat your hypothyroidism, you could get:

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    Answer 7/8

    If you don't treat your hypothyroidism, you could get:

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    Without treatment, you may have a higher risk of heart disease. That's mostly because people with hypothyroidism may have high levels of LDL, or "bad" cholesterol, which can cause fatty deposits in your arteries. Hypothyroidism can also lead to an enlarged heart and heart failure.

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    Question 8/8

    You can prevent hypothyroidism through diet and exercise.

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    Answer 8/8

    You can prevent hypothyroidism through diet and exercise.

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    There's nothing you can do to prevent the condition. But be on the lookout for symptoms, and see your doctor if you're concerned.

    With the right treatment, you can manage the disease and live a normal and healthy life.

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