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What causes genital yeast infections (genital candidiasis)?

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Three out of four adult women will get at least one yeast infection at some point in life. This occurs when too much yeast grows in the vagina. (Men also can get a genital yeast infection, but it's much less common).

A yeast infection typically happens when the balance in the vagina changes. This can be caused by pregnancy, diabetes, use of some medicines, lubricants, or spermicides, or a weakened immune system. Occasionally, the infection can be passed from person to person during sex.

SOURCES:

CDC: “Candidiasis,” “Oropharyngeal/Esophageal Candidiasis,” “Genital/vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC),” “Invasive Candidiasis.”

HealthyChildren.org: “Thrush and Other Candida Infections,” “Diaper Rash.”

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: “Vaginitis.”

WomensHealth.gov: “Vaginal Yeast Infection.”

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on May 28, 2020

SOURCES:

CDC: “Candidiasis,” “Oropharyngeal/Esophageal Candidiasis,” “Genital/vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC),” “Invasive Candidiasis.”

HealthyChildren.org: “Thrush and Other Candida Infections,” “Diaper Rash.”

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: “Vaginitis.”

WomensHealth.gov: “Vaginal Yeast Infection.”

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on May 28, 2020

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What are the symptoms of a genital yeast infection (genital candidiasis)?

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