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What eye problems does Graves' disease cause?

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Graves’ disease makes your thyroid gland to overwork (hyperthyroidism) and make too much of certain hormones. It can lead to a number of problems with your eyes, a condition called Graves' ophthalmopathy. You might have a little redness and minor pain, or you could have strong swelling, dryness, and more severe pain. It’s also possible to have bulging eyes -- because your muscles swell and your eyes are pushed out -- and pressure may build up in your eye socket. In rare cases, you can have double vision or other problems with your sight.

Most people with the condition notice eye symptoms within six months of being diagnosed with hyperthyroidism. People who have severe hyperthyroidism aren't necessarily more likely to have eye trouble than those who have milder cases.

American Thyroid Association: "Graves' Disease," "Hyperthyroidism (Overactive)."

New England Journal of Medicine: "Graves’ Ophthalmopathy."

Medical Clinics of North America: "The Evaluation and Treatment of Graves Ophthalmopathy."

University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center: "Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease)."

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 18, 2021

American Thyroid Association: "Graves' Disease," "Hyperthyroidism (Overactive)."

New England Journal of Medicine: "Graves’ Ophthalmopathy."

Medical Clinics of North America: "The Evaluation and Treatment of Graves Ophthalmopathy."

University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center: "Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease)."

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 18, 2021

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What are the symptoms of eye problems related to Graves' disease?

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