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Why do people with Graves' disease have eye issues?

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About half of people with Graves' disease notice some eye issues, and some have severe vision problems. Experts think this happens because the tissues in your eyes have proteins like ones in your thyroid gland. The problem is known as Graves' eye disease or Graves' ophthalmopathy.

Doctors don't think it can be prevented, but you're more likely to get it -- and have a worse case of it -- if you smoke.

American Thyroid Association: "Graves' Disease," "Hyperthyroidism (Overactive)."

New England Journal of Medicine: "Graves’ Ophthalmopathy."

Medical Clinics of North America: "The Evaluation and Treatment of Graves Ophthalmopathy."

University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center: "Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease)."

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 18, 2021

American Thyroid Association: "Graves' Disease," "Hyperthyroidism (Overactive)."

New England Journal of Medicine: "Graves’ Ophthalmopathy."

Medical Clinics of North America: "The Evaluation and Treatment of Graves Ophthalmopathy."

University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center: "Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease)."

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 18, 2021

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What are eye-related symptoms of Graves' disease?

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