Hysterectomy - Risks of Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy poses some risks of major and minor complications. But most women do not have complications after a hysterectomy. Studies show that vaginal hysterectomies have fewer problems and a shorter recovery time than abdominal or laparoscopic hysterectomies.1

Your risk of problems after surgery may be higher or lower than average. This may depend in part on how experienced the surgeon is.


Complications after a hysterectomy include:

Infection risk is lowest when your doctor gives you antibiotic medicine at the time of surgery.2

Other ongoing complications of hysterectomy include:

  • Difficulty urinating. This is more common after removal of lymph nodes, ovaries, and structures that support the uterus (radical hysterectomy).
  • Weakness of the pelvic muscles and ligaments that support the vagina, bladder, and rectum. Kegel exercises may help strengthen the pelvic muscles and ligaments. But some women need other treatments, including additional surgery.
  • Continued heavy bleeding. Some vaginal bleeding within 4 to 6 weeks following a hysterectomy is expected. But call your doctor if bleeding continues to be heavy.
  • Some women may experience early menopause.
  • The formation of scar tissue (adhesions) in the pelvic area.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
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