There's no cure for HCM. But doctors have several treatment options to ease symptoms and prevent complications. You may take meds such as:
These slow down your heart rate and reduce some of its workload by blocking adrenaline, the hormone your body releases as part of your "fight or flight" response.
This medication helps your heart beat regularly.
Calcium channel blockers
These slow the rate at which calcium passes into your heart muscle. That slows and regulates your heart rate.
These drugs block irregular electrical activity in your heart. That helps it beat normally.
Abnormal heart rhythms can increase your risk of blood clots. Blood thinners (anticoagulants) help prevent these clots, which can lead to stroke, heart attack, or even sudden death.
This new drug reduces the obstruction of blood flow in your heart and improves its function.
When medications don't work well enough, doctors can treat HCM with procedures such as:
This is an open-heart surgery where your surgeon removes part of the thickened wall between your heart chambers. The goal is to improve blood flow out of your heart and help prevent backward blood flow.
During this procedure, your doctor injects alcohol into the artery that supplies blood to your heart to destroy part of the thickened wall.
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)
Your doctor implants this small device into your chest. It monitors your heartbeat and sends an electrical shock to restore your heart rhythm if HCM causes a life-threatening disruption to your heartbeat.
This battery-operated device is implanted inside your chest. It sends electrical signals to your heart through two wires called leads. Pacemakers help correct slow heart rhythms.