Exposure to indoor air pollutants can cause respiratory problems, such as asthma attacks, or diseases, such as lung cancer. Pollutants include smoke, pet dander, radon, mold, cleaning products, and other chemicals. You can create a healthier home by following the tips below.1
Groom pets often to reduce dander. Don't allow them to sleep in the bedroom with anyone who has asthma or allergies. If possible, keep them off carpets and furniture.
Choose window coverings that are easy to clean, such as wood shades or blinds. Drapes are magnets for dust.
Check houseplants for mold. Repot or move them outside if the soil contains mold.
Do not allow anyone to smoke in your home.
Eliminate carpeting and replace it with wood or tile flooring, if possible.
If the humidity level is more than 50% inside your house, dust mites and molds can be a problem. To control dust mites, get allergen-resistant covers for bedding. Wash sheets and blankets in hot water.
Use high-efficiency bags in your vacuum cleaner or install a central vacuum system in your home.
Don't store firewood indoors. Drying green firewood can contain mold spores.
Keep trees and shrubs at least 3 ft (0.9 m) away from your house. Roots can provide an easy path for water into your basement or crawl space.
Keep bathrooms, kitchen, and basement-places where allergens are likely to grow-clean and dry.
Fix leaks and other sources of water intrusion, and remove water-damaged materials.
Make sure your clothes dryer vents to the outside.
Install and keep clean hood exhaust fans in your kitchen. Make sure bathroom vents exhaust air outdoors and not into basements, crawl spaces, or inside the house.
Make sure that exhaust fans don't draw too much air out, creating a negative-pressure situation in which the pressure inside the house is lower than outside. Negative pressure can reverse the flow of combustion gases from furnaces, gas stoves, and water heaters, and draw water vapor and dangerous carbon monoxide or nitrogen dioxide into your home.
Caulk the interior and exterior of your home, especially around windows and vents.
If you're building a new home, install a waterproofing system that keeps moisture away from your foundation.
Keep gutters and drains clean.
Remove any water-damaged carpet. Replace it, if possible, with wood or tile flooring.