Click to Download and Print PDF

Show Sources

Journal of the American Heart Association: “Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Among Hispanic Versus Non‐Hispanic 
White Adults in the United States, 1999 to 2018.” Stonybrook University Renaissance School of Medicine: “Cardiovascular Disease 
in Hispanics/Latinos in the United States and on Long Island.” Circulation: Heart Failure: “Understanding the Complexity of 
Heart Failure Risk and Treatment in Black Patients.” Cleveland Clinic: “How Race and Ethnicity Impact Heart Disease.” University 
of Alabama at Birmingham: “Heart disease in black individuals: Two elevated biomarkers distinguish Blacks with resistant 
hypertension from whites.” News release, Albert Einstein School of Medicine