Type 2 Diabetes Test
What It Does: Uses one or more small samples of your blood to check for type 2 diabetes. You should be tested if either of these is true:
- You're age 45 or older.
- You are overweight, with a BMI of 25 or greater, and you have another risk for diabetes. Other risks for diabetes include having high blood pressure or a family history of diabetes.
How Often: At your physical exam each year.
What It Does: Helps people at risk for chronic diseases make healthy food choices and lower their risk for health problems related to diet, such as:
- Heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Some cancers
- Bone loss
How Often: At your physical exam each year. The counseling can be from a primary care doctor, nutritionist, dietitian, or other specialist.
What It Does: Uses a small sample of your blood to test for HIV, an infection that can lead to AIDS.
You also may receive counseling before and after the test to help you:
- Learn about the HIV test
- Learn how to prevent HIV
- Learn what your test results mean
- At least once in your lifetime between the ages of 15 to 65.
- When you're pregnant.
- For people at high risk, once every 12 months, no matter what age you are.
- For people at very high risk, every 3 to 6 months, no matter what age you are.
You doctor can help you decide how often is appropriate for you.
What It Does: Protects against certain diseases:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Herpes zoster
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Influenza (flu shot)
- Measles, mumps, rubella
- Pneumococcal (pneumonia shot)
- Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis
- Varicella (shingles vaccine)
How Often: You can get a flu shot each year. You get other vaccines at certain ages as a booster or as needed depending on your risk factors.