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    Type 2 Diabetes Test

    What It Does: Uses one or more small samples of your blood to check for type 2 diabetes. You should be tested if either of these is true:

    • You're age 45 or older.
    • You are overweight, with a BMI of 25 or greater, and you have another risk for diabetes. Other risks for diabetes include having high blood pressure or a family history of diabetes.

    How Often: At your physical exam each year.

     

    Nutrition Counseling

    What It Does: Helps people at risk for chronic diseases make healthy food choices and lower their risk for health problems related to diet, such as:

    • Heart disease
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • High blood pressure
    • Some cancers
    • Bone loss

    How Often: At your physical exam each year. The counseling can be from a primary care doctor, nutritionist, dietitian, or other specialist.

     

    HIV Test

    What It Does: Uses a small sample of your blood to test for HIV, an infection that can lead to AIDS.

    You also may receive counseling before and after the test to help you:

    • Learn about the HIV test
    • Learn how to prevent HIV
    • Learn what your test results mean

    How Often:

    • At least once in your lifetime between the ages of 15 to 65.
    • When you're pregnant.
    • For people at high risk, once every 12 months, no matter what age you are.
    • For people at very high risk, every 3 to 6 months, no matter what age you are.

    You doctor can help you decide how often is appropriate for you.

     

    Immunization Vaccines

    What It Does: Protects against certain diseases:

    • Hepatitis A
    • Hepatitis B
    • Herpes zoster
    • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
    • Influenza (flu shot)
    • Measles, mumps, rubella
    • Meningococcal
    • Pneumococcal (pneumonia shot)
    • Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis
    • Varicella (shingles vaccine)

    How Often: You can get a flu shot each year. You get other vaccines at certain ages as a booster or as needed depending on your risk factors.