Because bunions develop slowly, taking care of your feet during childhood and early adulthood can pay off later in life.
Keep track of the shape of your feet as they develop over time, especially if foot problems run in your family.
Exercising the feet can strengthen them. Learn to pick up small objects, like a pencil or pebble, with your toes.
Wear shoes that fit properly and don't cramp or pinch your toes.
Women should avoid shoes with high heels or pointed toes.
Athletes who take part in high-impact sports involving running or jumping are at high risk of forefoot injury. While track and field runners are exposed to the highest level of traumatic forces to the forefoot, many other athletes, including tennis, football, baseball, and soccer players, often have forefoot injuries.
SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES
The primary symptom of metatarsalgia is pain at the end of one or more of the metatarsal bones. The pain is typically aggravated when walking or running. Athletes who participate in high-impact activities and may also have an inflammatory condition such as bursitis often have diffuse forefoot and midfoot pain.
Most often, the pain comes on over a period of several months, rather than suddenly.
A condition known as Morton's neuroma (interdigital neuroma) produces symptoms of metatarsalgia due to irritation and inflammation of a nerve at the site of pain. People with Morton's neuroma may experience toe numbness in addition to pain in the forefoot.
The foot can be injured during sports activities. As with many other overuse injuries, the condition may be the result of an alteration in normal biomechanics that has caused an abnormal weight distribution.
Persistent stress can lead to chronic irritation and inflammation of the bone covering and adjacent tissues, such as ligaments and tendons.
The following factors can contribute to excessive localized pressure over the forefoot:
Excessive pronation (side-to-side movement of the foot when walking or running)
Some anatomical conditions may predispose individuals to forefoot problems. They include:
A high arch
A short first metatarsal bone or a long second metatarsal bone is often seen in people with a Morton toe; the normal forefoot balance is disturbed, resulting in the shift of an increased amount of weight to the second metatarsal.