First aid measures are important
after a nose injury.
Stop a nosebleed. Crying can make a
nosebleed worse. If your child has a nosebleed and is crying, speak to the
child in a quiet, relaxed manner. This will help reduce the child's fear. For
more information, see the topic
If you think that the nose is
broken, do not try to put a crooked nose back in place.
This may increase bleeding or deformity or cause further injury.
Measures to reduce pain, swelling, and bruising
Use ice. Cold will
reduce pain and swelling. Apply an
ice or cold pack immediately to prevent or minimize swelling. Apply the ice
or cold pack for 10 to 20 minutes, 3 or more times a day. Always keep a cloth
between your skin and the ice pack, and press firmly against all the curves of
the affected area. Do not apply ice for longer than 20 minutes at a time, and
do not fall asleep with the ice on your skin.
Keep your head
elevated, even while you sleep. This will help reduce swelling.
not take aspirin for the first 48 hours. Aspirin prolongs the clotting time of
blood and may cause more nose or facial bleeding. Also, do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20 because of the risk of Reye syndrome, a rare but serious disease.
Do not smoke. Smoking slows healing because it decreases blood supply and
delays tissue repair. For more information, see the topic
Measures to relieve nasal stuffiness and promote sinus drainage
Drink plenty of fluids. Extra fluids help keep
mucus thin and draining, which may help prevent blockage of the sinuses.
Aspirin (also a nonsteroidal
anti-inflammatory drug), such as Bayer or Bufferin
Talk to your child?s doctor before switching back and
forth between doses of acetaminophen and ibuprofen. When you switch between two
medicines, there is a chance your child will get too much medicine.
Be sure to follow
these safety tips when you use a nonprescription medicine:
Carefully read and follow all
directions on the medicine bottle and box.