Uremic syndrome (uremia) is a serious complication of
chronic kidney disease and
acute renal failure. It occurs when
urea and other waste products build up in the body
because the kidneys are unable to eliminate them. These substances can become
poisonous (toxic) to the body if they reach high levels.
Prolonged or severe fluid buildup (edema) may make the uremic
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is reminding health care professionals and patients that insulin pens and insulin cartridges should not be used to give medication to multiple patients.
In an alert issued on March 19, 2009, FDA says that sharing insulin pens could result in the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the hepatitis viruses, and other blood-borne diseases.