Sinusitis - Symptoms
Pain and pressure in the face along with a
stuffy or runny nose are the main symptoms of
sinusitis. You also may have a yellow or greenish
discharge from your nose. Leaning forward or moving your head often increases
facial pain and pressure.
The location of pain and tenderness may depend on
which sinus is affected.
Other common symptoms of sinusitis include:
- Yellow or greenish
discharge from the nose or down the back of the throat.
- Stuffy nose.
- Cough that produces
- Reduced sense of taste or smell.
Acute (sudden) sinusitis is usually caused by a
viral infection and often develops rapidly. It usually
lasts for 4 weeks or less, and the symptoms often begin to clear up within a
week without any treatment. Acute sinusitis caused by a
bacterial infection is less likely to clear up on its
own and may lead to chronic sinusitis or to complications in which the
infection spreads beyond the sinuses. Nasal discharge that contains pus and
gets worse after 5 days or persists for more than 10 days may be a sign
of acute sinusitis caused by a bacterial infection.
(long-term) sinusitis is usually caused by a bacterial or
fungal infection. These infections may be difficult to
treat. If chronic sinusitis is not cured after trying two or more different
antibiotics, you may want to talk with your doctor about surgery
or allergy testing. Chronic sinusitis can lead to permanent changes in the
mucous membranes that line the sinuses and may make
you more prone to sinus infections.
Symptoms of sinusitis in
children include coughing, nasal discharge that lasts more than 7 to 10 days,
and complaints of headache and facial pain. Many children age 2 or older with
chronic sinusitis may also have allergies and frequent ear infections.
Other conditions that have symptoms similar to sinusitis may include allergies, toothaches, and
colds or other
upper respiratory infections. But if you've had a cold
that returns or gets worse after 7 days, you may have a sinus infection rather than a cold or other upper respiratory