Control your weight. Being overweight increases your risk for gout. If you are overweight, a diet that is low in fat may help
you lose weight. But avoid fasting or very low-calorie diets. Very low-calorie
diets increase the amount of uric acid produced by the body and may bring on a
gout attack. To learn more, see the topic Weight Management.
especially beer. Alcohol can reduce the release of uric acid by the kidneys
into your urine, causing an increase of uric acid in your body. Beer, which is
purines, appears to be worse than some other beverages
that contain alcohol.
Limit meat and
seafood. Diets high in meat and seafood (high-purine foods) can raise uric acid
Talk to your doctor about all the medicines you take.
Some medicines may raise the uric acid level.
Continue to take the medicines prescribed to you
for gout. But if you weren't taking medicines that lower uric acid (such
as allopurinol or
probenecid) before the attack, don't start taking
them when the attack begins. These medicines won't help relieve acute pain. They
may actually make it worse.
In the past, gout was thought to be caused by drinking too
much alcohol and eating too many rich foods. Although eating certain foods and
drinking alcohol may trigger a rise in the level of uric acid in the body,
these habits may not by themselves cause gout. Gout is most often caused by an
overproduction of uric acid (due to
metabolism problems) or decreased elimination of uric
acid by the kidneys.